• Chart selection and organization.

  • Selecting best nationality of chart to cover a specific area.

  • Sailing Directions, Light List, Cruising Guides.

  • Determining course, distance, VMG and ETA.

  • Coastal Navigation: plotting course and determining dead reckoning position, depths, dangers, currents and obstructions. 

  • Celestial Navigation: Use and calibration of a sextant, shooting, reducing and plotting a LAN.

  • Electronic Navigation: Use both MFD and laptop charting systems, discussion of accuracy of charts relative to GPS positions.

  • Radar and AIS for collision avoidance, landfall and squall avoidance.

  • Use of VHF and SSB radios and Iridium SatPhone for communication and distress.

  • Discussion of various communication options for long distance cruisers.

  • Dealing with officialdom in foreign ports: health, customs, immigration, port authorities.

  • Selecting best type of anchor and rode for varying conditions.

  • Calculating scope and diameter of swing.

  • Identifying best location for least contact with coral or rocks.

  • Setting a second bow anchor.

  • Safe use of electric windlass, use of manual back-up feature.

  • Marking and stowing chain and use of a chain snubber.

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